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Provisional Patent Application In India
19 Jun, 2023 0 Editorial Team

A Deep Look into India’s Provisional Patent Application System!


Innovation has always been a catalyst for progress, and protecting intellectual property rights is paramount for inventors and creators. In India, the provisional patent system plays a vital role in safeguarding innovations. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the provisional patent system in India, shedding light on its definition, purpose, eligibility criteria, application process, and key considerations. By delving into the intricacies of the provisional patent system, innovators can confidently navigate the intellectual property landscape and effectively secure their ideas.

Understanding Provisional Patent

A provisional patent can be defined as a temporary and preliminary protection mechanism provided to an inventor or applicant for their invention. It serves as a tool to establish a priority date for the invention while allowing the inventor to further develop and refine their idea before filing a complete patent application. The purpose of a provisional patent is to secure the inventor’s rights and prevent others from claiming the same invention during its pendency.

Eligibility Criteria

To file a provisional patent in India, the invention must fulfill certain eligibility criteria. The subject matter of the invention must be novel, non-obvious, and industrially applicable. It should be capable of being described in a manner that enables a person skilled in the relevant field to understand and reproduce the invention. Additionally, the applicant must have the legal capacity to apply for a patent, which includes individuals, companies, and even foreign applicants.

Benefits and Advantages of Provisional Patent

Filing a provisional patent offers several benefits and advantages to inventors:

  1. Early Filing and Priority: By filing a provisional patent, the inventor establishes a priority date. This date is crucial in determining the rights of the inventor in case of conflicts or disputes with subsequent patent filings.
  2. Protection of Intellectual Property: During the pendency of the provisional patent, the invention enjoys provisional protection. This protection prevents others from claiming the same invention or copying the idea, thereby safeguarding the intellectual property of the inventor.
  3. Research and Development Support: A provisional patent can act as a powerful tool to attract investors and secure funding for further research and development. It provides potential investors with a level of assurance regarding the inventor’s exclusive rights over the invention.

Application Process

The process of filing a provisional patent involves the following steps:

  1. Preparing the Provisional Patent Application: The inventor needs to draft a comprehensive description of the invention, including its technical details, functionality, and uniqueness. Supporting drawings, if applicable, should also be included.
  2. Filing and Submission: The inventor submits the provisional patent application to the Indian Patent Office along with the required forms, fees, and supporting documents. It is important to ensure that the application is complete and accurate to avoid any delays or complications.
  3. Examination and Prosecution: Unlike non-provisional patent applications, provisional patent applications do not undergo a substantive examination process. However, it is crucial to keep track of the application and convert it into a non-provisional patent application within 12 months to enjoy continued protection.

Key Considerations

While filing a provisional patent, inventors should keep the following factors in mind:

  1. Conversion to Non-Provisional Patent: Within 12 months from the date of filing the provisional patent application, the inventor must convert it into a non-provisional patent application. Failure to do so will result in the abandonment of the provisional application, leading to a loss of rights.
  2. Confidentiality and Non-Disclosure: It is essential to maintain strict confidentiality during the provisional period. Disclosing the invention publicly or sharing it with others may jeopardize the novelty of the invention and impact its patentability.
  3. Timelines and Deadlines: Adhering to the timelines and deadlines is crucial. Missing the conversion deadline or not converting the provisional application to a non-provisional application on time may result in the loss of patent rights.


The provisional patent system in India offers inventors a valuable mechanism to secure their innovative ideas and establish priority rights. By understanding the nuances of the provisional patent process, inventors can effectively protect their intellectual property, attract investment, and foster further research and development. It is important for innovators to leverage the power of provisional patents to navigate the intellectual property landscape in India and contribute to the country’s growth and development.